t is a common desire amongst all students to have an excellent memory that is hale and reliable. Nobody likes to face situations which are embarrassing and cause anxiety as well self-worthlessness especially if it’s associated with memory. There are abundant strategies to improve memory, the most common of which involves the use of mnemonics. The following strategies involving mnemonics results in better memory:
MNEMONICS USING IMAGES
Creating imaginative and vivid images around a target subject that you want to focus on remembering and storing permanently in your memory includes:-
- THE KEYWORD METHOD – This method of improving memory requires associating the target word along with a word having or sounding similar. It can help the similar sounding word work as a keyword. For example, the word sounding the same as ‘medula’ is ‘medal’. Now imagine them interacting and the medulla wearing a medal. This type of associative method is much more helpful than rote memorisation.
- THE METHOD OF LOCI – This method for improving memory helps to learn in the order in which you want to remember the items. They are arranged in a real spread to form a vivid visual image. For example, if you want to remember an ordered list or a process like in the case of nitrogen cycle or digestive system, picturise all the content in an actual cycle or human system.
MNEMONICS USING ORGANISATION
This method involves creating schemata imposing a certain order on the things that you want to learn. This makes learning the target information quite an easy task.
- CHUNKING – Chunking is a method which involves increasing the capacity of short-term memory. You can do so by creating small chunks or bifurcations of a large amount of data available for memorisation. By finding out some of the organisational links between the data we can form a proper schematic data. For example, you can remember these chemical elements H, HE, LI, BE, B, C, N, O and F by pronouncing it is ‘heelibeb kernoff’ or ‘Oil Rig’ which actually is ‘Oxidation is losing, Reduction is gaining’. Although it’s a nonsense syllable, different things like these are stranger to mind and easy to remember.
- FIRST LETTER TECHNIQUE – To enhance better memory retention, In the first letter technique, the initial letters of each word are taken that you want to memorise and arranging them in a form of a sentence or a complete word which has an actual meaning to it. For eg, RACOLA can be coded as ‘Reduction is Addition Of electrons’ and occurs at the cathode; Oxidation is Loss of electrons and occurs at the Anode. LEO can be coded as Lose Electron Oxidation or GER can be coded as Gain Electronic Reduction.
The advantage or Mnemonics over other methods is that they provide original information to the shortcuts and emphasise better retrieval and storage in the memory system. They are Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic in nature. And thus, empowers all the different types of learners to grasp better according to their learning style. And so, not have any bad tales of memory blocks.